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With only the Ohio River separating it from slave-holding states Virginia (later West Virginia) and Kentucky, Ohio became both a beacon of freedom and a place critical to the Union effort.

As the war began and Lincoln called for troops, Ohioans responded. More than 70 Ohio-born men became generals in the Union army, including U.S. Grant, William T. Sherman, Philip Sheridan and George A. Custer. They were among the nearly 350,000 Ohioans to serve during the war.

Although the big battles were fought well south of here, war eventually came to Ohio. Thousands of Confederate prisoners were marched to camps here. And, in 1863, Confederate Gen. John H. Morgan brought the war home as he raided in the state.

Explore Ohio Civil War sites:

Links to the websites of these places: Ohio Links