St. Louis and area
Jefferson Barracks (St. Louis County Park)
251 Cy Road, St. Louis MO 63125
Troops from Jefferson Barracks played a key role in one of the early flashpoints of the war. U.S. troops from here, led by Gen. Nathaniel Lyon, marched out to capture Camp Jackson, home to the secession-leaning Missouri Volunteer Militia led by Gov. Claiborne Jackson on May 10, 1861. Jefferson Barracks continued in a support capacity throughout the war with a huge hospital established in 1862. Virtually every one of the big military names in the war served at one time or another at Jefferson Barracks, including U.S. Grant, Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee, William T. Sherman, James Longstreet and many more. Buildings restored in the historic section of this sprawling, multi-use park include a laborer’s house, stable and ordnance room (all 1851). A museum is located in the 1857 Powder Magazine. A post-Civil War stable now serves as a visitor center. Historic buildings are open Wednesday–Sunday noon–4 pm. Park open 8 am–dusk.
Jefferson Barracks National Cemetery
2900 Sheridan Road, St. Louis MO 63125
Burial site of both Union and Confederate dead including those killed at battlefields in Tennessee, Missouri and Arkansas.
Historical marker on the campus of Saint Louis University near the intersection of Lindell and North Grand boulevards
Nothing of the camp occupied by secessionist-leaning militia under the command of Gov. Jackson remains today. Nice interpretive sign on the site tells about the capture of the camp, the events leading up to it, and the aftermath: a riot during that left dozens dead.
Complete text and photo of the marker: www.waymarking.com/waymarks/WM1VJB.
U.S Grant National Historic Site
7400 Grant Road, St. Louis MO 63123
314-842-3298 extension 245
The lives of U.S. Grant and family prior to the war are highlighted here in this park with five historic buildings including the main house, White Haven. Open 9 am–5 pm daily. Main house tours on the half-hour 9:30 am–4 pm. Free.
Note: The original Grant family cabin, “Hardscrabble” is located in the Grant’s Farm wildlife park operated by Anheuser-Busch adjacent to the NPS site. It has been moved many times, most recently to this site about a mile from its original location. More info: www.grantsfarm.com/GrantsCabin.htm.
Old Courthouse (part of the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial)
Park address: 11 N Fourth St, St. Louis MO 63102
This was the site of the first two trials of Dred Scott in 1847 and 1850 leading to the famous Supreme Court decision affirming slavery. Restored courtrooms and historical exhibits explain the history of the city and the dramatic events that occurred in the building. Open 8 am–4:30 pm daily. Free. There are charges for other park activities
St. Louis Cemeteries
Bellefontaine Cemetery, 4947 W Florissant Ave, 314-381-0750 – Burial site of Union Gens. Frank Blair and John Pope and Confederate Gen. Sterling Price. Information and maps at the office.
Calvary Cemetery, 5239 W Florissant Ave, 314-381-1313 – Burial site of Gen. William T. Sherman and Dred Scott. www.archstl.org/cemeteries.
Battle of Athens State Historic Site
Route 1, Box 26, Highway CC, Revere MO 63465
Small battle here Aug. 5, 1861, revealed a typical Missouri scenario early in the war. Believed to be a pro-Southern hotbed, Athens was seized in July 1861 by Pro-Union Col. David Moore and 500 men. Moore seized horses and buildings for his men’s use. In hopes of “liberating” the Des Moines River town a Pro-South State Guard force of more than 2,000 men under Col. Martin Green approached. Although outnumbered, Moore fought off the attack. The historic site encompasses most of the town of Athens and includes several historic buildings including the “Cannonball House,” with battle scars.
Site open daylight hours. Free. Tours of the “Cannonball House” Wednesday–Sunday 10 am–4 pm (April-October).
On Oct. 18, 1862, 10 Confederate prisoners were executed here in retaliation for the abduction of a former Union soldier. The event was almost universally condemned and repudiated by Lincoln. The executions inflamed tensions already existing in the area. A granite monument to the victims was erected in town. An interpretive marker is located on the grounds of the Old Federal Jail.
Gardner House Museum
417 S. Main St., Palmyra MO 63461-1623
Displays here describe the massacre and other area Civil War history. Open May–September Tuesday–Friday 10 am–3 pm. Free, donations welcome.
Website links to Missouri Civil War places: Missouri Links