June 1862 & 2012
Then: On June 1, Gen Robert E. Lee took command of the Confederate army that had been pushed back to Richmond during the Peninsula Campaign. Less than a month later, June 26, he launched a daring attack against a part of the Union army at Mechanicsville. Over the next several days, McClellan recoiled from the aggressive Confederates until the Union army was sitting defeated and powerless along the James River.
2012: The Richmond National Battlefield park preserves and interprets the battlefields of the Seven Days including Beaver Dam Creek, Gaines' Mill and Malvern Hill.
More on the Seven Days and the Peninsula Campaign at the Dabbs House (Lee's headquarters) now a museum and visitor center on Nine Mile Road near Richmond.
Anniversary commemorations are planned along the way. See below for details.
June 1, 1862 – Battle of Seven Pines/Fair Oaks (VA) continues,
Lee Takes Command
Then: Union resistance stiffens southeast of Richmond as Confederate attacks at Seven Pines/Fair Oaks diminish. Lee takes command of the Confederate army and makes his headquarters at the Dabbs House on Nine Mile Road.
2012: Richmond-area events mark Robert E. Lee's taking command of what became the Army of Northern Virginia. A lecture May 31, dinner June 1 and a tour June 2 mark the anniversary.
Richmond-area events mark Robert E. Lee's taking command of what became the Army of Northern Virginia. A lecture May 31, dinner June 1 and a tour June 2 mark the anniversary.
Registration (after Jan 21): www.co.henrico.va.us/rec/recreation-centers-facilities/dabbs-house-museum.html
June 3–4, 1862 – Fort Pillow evacuated (TN)
Then: Confederate fort above the Mississippi River evacuated, opening the door to the naval attack against Memphis.
2012: A state park preserves and interprets the site of the fort.
A 5-mile ranger-led tour of the 1861 fortifications is scheduled June 2.
June 6, 1862 – Battle of Memphis
Then: Following the Fort Pillow evacuation, Union gunboats steamed downriver to Confederate-held Memphis. The Southern navy operating on the Mississippi River was no match for the Federal armada. It was a lop-sided Union victory witnessed by many from the bluffs in Memphis.
2012: The Mississippi River Museum on Mud Island River Park in Memphis offers a good Civil War exhibit featuring a simulated battle between a Confederate shore battery and a Union ironclad. River-front parks in downtown Memphis offer interpretive signs related to the battle.
An anniversary living history weekend with talks, music and more is scheduled June 9–10 at Mud Island River Park.
June 6, 1862 – Turner Ashby killed (Harrisonburg VA)
Then: Confederate cavalryman Turner Ashby was killed during skirmishing southeast of Harrisonburg.
2012: A small memorial park with Civil War Trails sign marks the spot. Ceremony at noon at the park on Neff Road north of Port Republic Road in Harrisonburg.
June 8, 1862 – Battle of Cross Keys (VA)
Then: Hoping to catch Stonewall Jackson, two Union columns converged on the Confederates, then camped at Port Republic near Harrisonburg. Jackson turned on one Federal column approaching from the west and defeated them at Cross Keys.
2012: A driving tour has been developed on the Cross Keys battlefield.
- Lecture at the Heritage Museum in Dayton 7 pm June 7. www.heritagecenter.com.
- Ranger-led "On This Day" car-caravan tour at the Cross Keys Battlefield at 4 pm June 8.
- Reenactment of the Battles of Cross Keys and Port Republic June 9-10 at the Cedar Creek Battlefield near Middletown. www.cedarcreekbattlefield.org.
June 9, 1862 – Battle of Port Republic (VA)
Then: Following his victory at Cross Keys the day before, Jackson turned on the other Union column approaching from the north. He won that battle, too. successfully concluding his now-famous "Valley Campaign."
2012: Signs interpreting the battle are located in Port Republic and at the site of "The Coaling."
- Lecture, "The Valley Campaign," with Bob Krick in Bridgewater. 7 pm June 8. www.shenandoahatwar.org.
- Ranger-led "On This Day" car-caravan tour at the Port Republic Battlefield at 4 pm, June 9. www.nps.gov/cebe
- Living history at key sites on the Cross Keys/Port Republic battlefields. 1–4 pm. June 9.
- Special program on the Valley Campaign the Widow Pence Farm on Cross Keys battlefield 7–9 pm June 9.
- Memorial program at "The Coaling" on the Port Republic battlefield 10 am June 10.
- Reenactment of the Battles of Cross Keys and Port Republic June 9–10 at the Cedar Creek Battlefield near Middletown.
- Concluding commemoration of the 1862 Valley Campaign June 16 at Grand Caverns Regional Park in Town of Grottoes.
June 12–15, 1862 – JEB Stuart Rides around McClellan,
Then: Confederate cavalryman JEB Stuart rode completely around McClellan's army gathering around Richmond. He gained valuable information with the loss of one man killed.
2012: A special living history program commemorating the ride is planned June 10 at the Dabbs House, Robert E. Lee's headquarters.
June 16, 1862 – Battle of Secessionville (SC)
Then: Outnumbered Confederate forces on James Island near Charleston managed to turn back a Federal offensive, the only serious Union attempt to capture the city by land.
2012: Fort Lamar, a Confederate stronghold is preserved with interpretation of the battle.
Annual reenactment in November.
June 23, 1862 – Confederate high command confers
at Dabbs House, Richmond (VA)
Then: Robert E. Lee, Stonewall Jackson, D.H. Hill and A.P. Hill met at Lee's headquarters at the Dabbs House near Richmond to plan the offensive against the Union army that was massed around Richmond.
2012: Dabbs House visitor center/museum: www.co.henrico.va.us/rec/recreation-centers-facilities/dabbs-house-museum.html.
June 26, 1862 – Battle of Beaver Dam Creek, Mechanicsville (VA)
Then: Lee attacks McClellan's exposed 5th Corps north of the Chickahominy River near Mechanicsville, opening what would become the Seven Days Battles.
2012: Part of the battlefield preserved in the Richmond National Battlefield Park.
Evening ranger-led tour on the anniversary date planned. www.nps,gov/rich
June 27, 1862 – Battle of Gaines' Mill, Richmond (VA)
Then: Union forces held until dark in second of Seven Days Battles but finally routed by coordinated Confederate attacks. Casualty figures were huge: more than 15,000. This was Lee's first victory as the commander of the Army of Northern Virginia.
2012: Part of the battlefield preserved in the Richmond National Battlefield Park. Walking trail.
Special living history camps and demonstrations with ranger tours and talks June 23–24 on the battlefield.
Ranger-led tours planned on the anniversary date.
June 29, 1862 – Battle of Savage's Station, Richmond (VA)
Then: Union rear-guard fights against uncoordinated Confederate attacks, allowing McClellan time to move his army to the James River.
2012: Civil War Trails and other interpretive signs near the battlefield.
June 30, 1862 – Battle of Glendale (Frayser's Farm), Richmond (VA)
Then: Confederates had a real opportunity to do damage here, but the Union army survived thanks to uncoordinated Southern attacks. A small national cemetery is located near the battlefield.
2012: The Richmond national park administers a seasonal visitor center in the cemetery.
Ranger-led tour on the anniversary date planned.