February 1862 & 2012
Events Then & Now
Feb 7–8, 1862 – Battle of Roanoke Island (NC)
Then: Union forces, with a decisive victory here, continued to nibble away at the North Carolina coast and established a base for the invasion of the mainland.
2012: Battle is interpreted at the Roanoke Island Festival Park and historical markers with maps on the island.
The exhibit "The Civil War Comes to Roanoke Island: Fishers, Fighters, and Freedmen," opens March 3 at the Outer Banks History Center located in the Roanoke Island Festival Park in Manteo. It continues through 2012.
A living history commemoration is planned March 3 at the Island Farm, 1140 Hwy 64 in Manteo.
An exhibit featuring boats used during the battle is on display at the Festival Park March-August.
Feb 10, 1862 – Battle of Elizabeth City (NC)
Then: Following the fall of Roanoke Island, Union gunboats pursued and crushed the tiny Confederate "Mosquito Fleet" on the Pasquotank River. Elizabeth City then fell into Union hands, opening up more of the North Carolina Coast and opening up the back door to Norfolk VA.
2012 – The battle is interpreted at the Museum of the Albemarle in Elizabeth City and in several Civil War Trails signs in the town.
A living history event is planned Feb 11 at the museum and on the waterfront. The museum's new exhibit, "Under Both Flags: Civil War in the Albemarle," opens that day.
Feb 13–16, 1862 – Battles for and surrender of Fort Donelson (TN)
Then: Following naval and land battles, Union commander Gen. U.S Grant demanded "unconditional and immediate surrender" of this Cumberland River Confederate fort. The battles opened the door to Nashville for Union forces.
2012: A national park commemorates and interprets the site. A series of daily ranger and living history programs at the park commemorate the battles and surrender Feb 13-16.
A reenactment of the battle is scheduled for March 3-4 near Erin.
Feb 21, 1862 – Battle of Valverde near Socorro (modern NM)
Then: Confederates under Gen. Henry Sibley won the bloody battle here at a Rio Grande ford, allowing his "western invasion" force to continue north toward Santa Fe. But the Union force remained intact at nearby Fort Craig.
2012: The City of Socorro, just north of the battlefield, hosts its annual Civil War living history and battle reenactment program Feb. 24-25.
Feb 22, 1862 – Inauguration of Jefferson Davis
in Richmond (VA)
Then: Jefferson Davis was officially inaugurated president of the Confederate States of America under the Washington statue in Virginia's Capitol Square.
2012: Commemoration TBA.
Feb 25, 1862 – Federals occupy Nashville (TN)
Then: Union troops occupied Nashville following the victory at Fort Donelson and the evacuation of the city by Confederate forces. It was the first Confederate state capital to fall.
2012: A film about the fall of Nashville is shown at the Fort Negley Theater in Nashville.
Dates and times: www.bonps.org/fort-negley.